Indian Home Design
Discover Easy Ways To Get The Best Home Designs

When it comes to Indian home design, you need to know a few simple but critical things to make your dream home a reality.

I see most people struggle to get these basic things right. This section was written specifically to help people on the essential aspects of Indian homes and interior design.

Right ideas implemented at the right time make the difference between an average house and a great house.

Indian Home Design For Indian Conditions

India has a warm climate, unlike west. Still most of the Indian home design in recent times is aping western designs suited for their climatic and social conditions.

A courtyard is ideal for Indian home design
A Courtyard In The Center

Traditional Indian home design had a courtyard. Its purpose was to cool the home and have a large open family area in the center of the home.

There used to be a host of other open and semi-open areas connected to the home creating a variety of spaces weaved around the built-form.

"In a warm climate, the best place to be in the late evenings and in the early mornings, is outdoors, under the open sky. Such spaces have an infinite number of variations: one steps out of a room...into a verandah...and thence on to a terrace...from which one proceeds to an open courtyard, perhaps shaded by a tree...or by a large pergola overhead. At each moment, subtle changes in the quality of light and ambient air generate feelings within us - feelings which are central to our beings. "
...Charles Correa - India's Master Architect

It is indeed difficult to have such features in modern Indian homes given the tight site conditions and changed way of life. And modern conveniences like air-conditioning have made the courtyard less required.

Semi-open outdoor spaces work well for Indian home design
Semi-Open Outdoor Spaces

But it is always a good practice to consider the climatic conditions and adapt the home design accordingly. Some of the things that can be easily achieved (but mostly overlooked) are -

  • Avoid large windows, specially on the western side.
  • Have the windows such that there is cross-circulation of air in the home.
  • Give air vents and shafts to enhance movement of air.
  • Provide double-height volumes to help draw the breeze through the home.
  • Have some semi-open spaces like verandas and terraces.

You will get more such ideas while visiting environmentally friendly houses.

After adapting the design to suit external conditions, it is time to align it with your inner self.

Your Home Is An Extension Of Yourself

It really is. It is the physical manifestation of your personality.

While making a new house or renovating, you have got a chance to align your physical surroundings with your inner self.

Try answering these questions when thinking about the design of your home -

  • What are your likes and dislikes?
  • What are your needs, requirements and desires?
  • What are you passionate about?
  • What feelings do you want the home to evoke?
  • Are you a very private person or a lot of friends visit your home?

The answers to some of these will not be easy. Reflect on them for some time. Talk to your family members and close friends. A picture will start to emerge. You will get some ideas. Note these down.

Along with your thoughts and ideas there are some practical things to consider. A few design guidelines should be followed to give structure and shape to the process.

What Design Guidelines To Follow?

To get the most effective Indian home design (for that matter any design), you need to ensure that certain issues are well integrated into the planning process. These include -

  • Hierarchy of spaces
  • Natural light and ventilation
  • Unhindered movement through the house
  • Well positioned openings
  • Integration of services
  • Sufficient provision of storage

Go to House Designs in India for detailed explanation of these design guidelines and further information.

Also see our section on planning and design of houses in Kerala -

We have talked about the planning and overall structure of the house, now let us get into -

Home Interiors

Interiors, if done properly, can truly add life to the home. It is what converts a house into a home.

Start thinking about the interiors while getting the house designs made. Incorporate the required features in the final design. This will ensure proper integration of crucial elements (like internal openings, services, storage etc.) in the right place.

See Indian interior design.

Interiors in Indian home design
Interiors Should Be Well Connected with Exterior

Certain principles and guidelines, if followed while finalizing the home interior design, make the resulting spaces come alive with richness and personality. These are balance, harmony, rhythm, focal point, proportion and scale, lighting, colors, textures and materials etc.

To start your journey into this fascinating world, go to any of the following sections -

When you have crystallized all your thoughts, ideas, needs, requirements and other issues, they need to be finally consolidated into one set of documents called house plans.

You must be wondering...

What Are House Plans And How To Make Them?

House plans are a set of drawings and documents having all the information about how the house is going to be built.

This information includes -

  • Floor plans - showing layout of different floors.
  • Elevations - showing the look of the house and materials and finishes used.
  • Sections - showing changes in floor height and the relationship of one level to another.
  • Structural details - like foundation, beam, column and floor slab details.

See Indian house plans for more information.

It seems a lot of information at first. But do not worry. All these drawings and documents are prepared by an architect after he conceptualizes a design based on the following criteria-

  • your needs and requirements
  • your way of life
  • your likes and dislikes
  • the particular site conditions etc.

That brings us to the question...

How To Choose The Right Architect?

An Architect can contribute significantly to the success of your project. Choosing the right Architect is crucial to the successful interpretation of your requirements and the subsequent successful construction of a high quality home.

The first step is to shortlist 2-3 architects close to your project who have experience in Indian home design working on similar projects. Then visit each architect or check their website and view their previous works. Choose the one that stands out and you feel will do more justice to your job.

Discuss with them your requirements in detail. Finally employ them by signing a contract.

To get best results, work closely with your architect throughout the project.

See Architects in India for more information.

We covered different aspects of Indian Home Design. Now if you are interested in Vastu...

A Note About Vastu For Home

The word Vastu means a dwelling or a home. Vastu-shastra or "science of building", consists of guidelines on how the laws of nature affect human dwellings.

In ancient times Vastu was the main guiding factor behind all Indian home design.

According to Vastu a home, like a living organism, has energy flowing through it. There is more energy in some areas and less in some. By following the principles of Vastu, we align these energies with the cosmic energies like solar, lunar, wind, thermal, magnetic energies etc.

The main aim of Vastu is to bring a balance between internal and external world of the physical environment.

See Vastu for home for more information.

Vastu, to some extent, is similar to traditional Chinese practice of building called Feng Shui. Both practices emphasize on removing any obstructions to the flow of energy. This smooth flow of energy helps create harmony with the environment.

See Feng Shui Bedroom Tips.

I hope this information on Indian home design is really helpful to you. You will find lot more information when you browse through other pages on this website.

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Sushil Wadhwa

Sushil Wadhwa
Architect, Interior Designer, creator of Homes and Interiors... more.